Self-reported Health is Related to Body Height and Waist Circumference in Rural Indigenous and Urbanised Latin-American Populations

Image credit: Juan David Leongómez 2020

Abstract

Body height is a life-history component. It involves important costs for its expression and maintenance, which may originate trade-offs on other costly components such as reproduction or immunity. Although previous evidence has supported the idea that human height could be a sexually selected trait, the explanatory mechanisms that underlie this selection are poorly understood. Despite extensive studies on the association between height and attractiveness, the role of immunity in linking this relation is scarcely studied, particularly in non-Western populations. Here, we tested whether human height is related to health measured by self-perception, and relevant nutritional and health anthropometric indicators in three Latin-American populations that widely differ in socioeconomic and ecological conditions: two urbanised populations from Bogota (Colombia) and Mexico City (Mexico), and one isolated indigenous population (Me’Phaa, Mexico). Results showed that self-reported health is best predicted by an interaction between height and waist circumference: the presumed benefits of being taller are waist-dependent, and affect taller people more than shorter individuals. If health and genetic quality cues play an important role in human mate-choice, and height and waist interact to signal health, its evolutionary consequences, including cognitive and behavioural effects, should be addressed in future research.

Publication
Scientific Reports, 10, 4391
Juan David Leongómez
Juan David Leongómez
Associate Professor

My research interests include mate choice and human vocal communication, with an aspiration towards understanding musicality. I am also interested in bioacoustics and psychoacoustics, as well as statistics and  programming.

Oscar R. Sánchez
Oscar R. Sánchez
Professor

Professor and Researcher/Director at the Human Behaviour Lab (LACH), Faculty of Psychology, at Universidad El Bosque in Bogota, Colombia.

Milena Vásquez-Amézquita
Milena Vásquez-Amézquita
Associate Professor / PhD 2015-2018

Associate Professor, Researcher in Neuroscience at Universidad El Bosque. I am interested in research about the cognitive mechanisms that underlie mood disorders and sexual behavior.

Eugenio Valderrama
Eugenio Valderrama
Postdoctoral Associate

Postdoctoral researcher at the School of Integrative Plant Science, Plant Biology Section, University of Cornell (Ithaca, USA).

Andrés Castellanos-Chacón
Andrés Castellanos-Chacón
Research Assistant / BSc Psychology 2017-2018

Research assistant at the Human Behaviour Lab in since 2019, and BSc research project student between 2017 and 2018.

Lina Morales-Sánchez
Lina Morales-Sánchez
Research Assistant 2018 / BSc Psychology 2016-2017

Research assistant at the Human Behaviour Lab in 2018, and BSc research project student between 2016 and 2017.

Isaac González-Santoyo
Isaac González-Santoyo
Professor and director of the Cognitive Neuroecology Lab

Professor and director of the Cognitive Neuroecology Lab (Faculty of Psicología, UNAM, Mexico DF, Mexico).

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